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本文主要介绍Python3中,BeautifulSoup的安装步骤方法及爬取网站网页的相关的示例代码。

1、BeautifulSoup的安装

相关文档安装beautifulsoup4到Python3的方法(系统中默认使用的是Python2.7)

2、使用BeautifulSoup爬取网站网页示例代码

import bs4
import requests

response = requests.get("https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mathematics")
if response is not None:
    html = bs4.BeautifulSoup(response.text, 'html.parser')
    title = html.select("#firstHeading")[0].text
    paragraphs = html.select("p")
    for para in paragraphs:
        print (para.text)
    # just grab the text up to contents as stated in question
    intro = '\n'.join([ para.text for para in paragraphs[0:5]])
    print (intro)

import requests
from bs4 import BeautifulSoup

page = requests.get('https://web.archive.org/web/20121007172955/https://www.nga.gov/collection/anZ1.htm')
soup = BeautifulSoup(page.text, 'html.parser')
last_links = soup.find(class_='AlphaNav')
last_links.decompose()
artist_name_list = soup.find(class_='BodyText')
artist_name_list_items = artist_name_list.find_all('a')
# Use .contents to pull out the <a> tag’s children
for artist_name in artist_name_list_items:
    names = artist_name.contents[0]
    print(names)