本文主要介绍Python中,将大量多个的list,其中有重复元素,或者交集的元素的list合成一个,没有的不变。

示例效果

[[1,2],[3,4,5],[0,4]] 会成为 [[1,2],[0,3,4,5]

[[1],[1,2],[0,2]] 会成为 [[0,1,2]]

[[1, 2], [2, 3], [3, 4]] 会成为 [[1,2,3,4]]

1、使用itertools实现

from itertools import combinations

def bfs(graph, start):
    visited, queue = set(), [start]
    while queue:
        vertex = queue.pop(0)
        if vertex not in visited:
            visited.add(vertex)
            queue.extend(graph[vertex] - visited)
    return visited

def connected_components(G):
    seen = set()
    for v in G:
        if v not in seen:
            c = set(bfs(G, v))
            yield c
            seen.update(c)

def graph(edge_list):
    result = {}
    for source, target in edge_list:
        result.setdefault(source, set()).add(target)
        result.setdefault(target, set()).add(source)
    return result

def concat(l):
    edges = []
    s = list(map(set, l))
    for i, j in combinations(range(len(s)), r=2):
        if s[i].intersection(s[j]):
            edges.append((i, j))
    G = graph(edges)
    result = []
    unassigned = list(range(len(s)))
    for component in connected_components(G):
        union = set().union(*(s[i] for i in component))
        result.append(sorted(union))
        unassigned = [i for i in unassigned if i not in component]
    result.extend(map(sorted, (s[i] for i in unassigned)))
    return result

print(concat([[1, 2], [3, 4, 5], [0, 4]]))
print(concat([[1], [1, 2], [0, 2]]))
print(concat([[1, 2], [2, 3], [3, 4]]))

输出:

[[0, 3, 4, 5], [1, 2]]
[[0, 1, 2]]
[[1, 2, 3, 4]]

2、迭代方法实现

original_list = [[1,2],[3,4,5],[0,4]]
mapping = {}
rev_mapping = {}
for i, candidate in enumerate(original_list):
    sentinel = -1
    for item in candidate:
        if mapping.get(item, -1) != -1:
            merge_pos = mapping[item]
            #update previous list with all new candidates
            for item in candidate:
                mapping[item] = merge_pos
            rev_mapping[merge_pos].extend(candidate)
            break
    else:
        for item in candidate:
            mapping[item] = i
        rev_mapping.setdefault(i, []).extend(candidate)
result = [list(set(item)) for item in rev_mapping.values()]
print(result)

输出:

[[1, 2], [0, 3, 4, 5]]

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