本文主要介绍Python中,通过读取txt文件内容创建Pandas的DataFrame,创建DataFrame分别使用pd.DataFrame.from_records()和pd.read_csv()。

1、示例txt文件内容

Alabama[edit]
Auburn (Auburn University)[1]
Florence (University of North Alabama)
Jacksonville (Jacksonville State University)[2]
Livingston (University of West Alabama)[2]
Montevallo (University of Montevallo)[2]
Troy (Troy University)[2]
Tuscaloosa (University of Alabama, Stillman College, Shelton State)[3][4]
Tuskegee (Tuskegee University)[5]
Alaska[edit]
Fairbanks (University of Alaska Fairbanks)[2]
Arizona[edit]
Flagstaff (Northern Arizona University)[6]
Tempe (Arizona State University)
Tucson (University of Arizona)
Arkansas[edit]

2、通过pd.DataFrame.from_records()创建DataFrame

import pandas as pd
from collections import namedtuple

Item = namedtuple('Item', 'state area')
items = []

with open('unis.txt') as f: 
    for line in f:
        l = line.rstrip('\n') 
        if l.endswith('[edit]'):
            state = l.rstrip('[edit]')
        else:            
            i = l.index(' (')
            area = l[:i]
            items.append(Item(state, area))

df = pd.DataFrame.from_records(items, columns=['State', 'Area'])
print df

输出

State Area
0 Alabama Auburn
1 Alabama Florence
2 Alabama Jacksonville
3 Alabama Livingston
4 Alabama Montevallo
5 Alabama Troy
6 Alabama Tuscaloosa
7 Alabama Tuskegee
8 Alaska Fairbanks
9 Arizona Flagstaff
10 Arizona Tempe
11 Arizona Tucson

3、通过pd.read_csv()读取创建DataFrame

df = pd.read_csv('filename.txt', sep=";", names=['Region Name'])
df.insert(0, 'State', df['Region Name'].str.extract('(.*)\[edit\]', expand=False).ffill())
df['Region Name'] = df['Region Name'].str.replace(r' \(.+$', '')
df = df[~df['Region Name'].str.contains('\[edit\]')].reset_index(drop=True)
print (df)

输出

      State   Region Name
0   Alabama        Auburn
1   Alabama      Florence
2   Alabama  Jacksonville
3   Alabama    Livingston
4   Alabama    Montevallo
5   Alabama          Troy
6   Alabama    Tuscaloosa
7   Alabama      Tuskegee
8    Alaska     Fairbanks
9   Arizona     Flagstaff
10  Arizona         Tempe
11  Arizona        Tucson

或者

df = pd.read_csv('filename.txt', sep=";", names=['Region Name'])
df.insert(0, 'State', df['Region Name'].str.extract('(.*)\[edit\]', expand=False).ffill())
df = df[~df['Region Name'].str.contains('\[edit\]')].reset_index(drop=True)
print (df)

输出

   State                                        Region Name
0   Alabama                      Auburn (Auburn University)[1]
1   Alabama             Florence (University of North Alabama)
2   Alabama    Jacksonville (Jacksonville State University)[2]
3   Alabama         Livingston (University of West Alabama)[2]
4   Alabama           Montevallo (University of Montevallo)[2]
5   Alabama                          Troy (Troy University)[2]
6   Alabama  Tuscaloosa (University of Alabama, Stillman Co...
7   Alabama                  Tuskegee (Tuskegee University)[5]
8    Alaska      Fairbanks (University of Alaska Fairbanks)[2]
9   Arizona         Flagstaff (Northern Arizona University)[6]
10  Arizona                   Tempe (Arizona State University)
11  Arizona                     Tucson (University of Arizona)